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Reference Points: Understanding The Omega Speedmaster

I will start by calling attention to what this is not. This isn’t a glance at every watch to wear the Speedmaster name, yet rather those that we would order as evident “moon watches” – which means those with a physically wound development from Lemania, three registers, and no date. Throughout the long term, Omega has delivered many branch watches, however for the wellbeing of immaculateness (and brevity’s, besides), we will zero in on the most perfect of all Speedmasters here. Further, this isn’t a gander at how the Speedmaster made it to space, yet rather how to inspect singular references to know what they should resemble. We should get down to it.

The Origins Of The Omega Speedmaster – For Men Who Reckon Time In Seconds

Omega Speedmaster Reference 2915-1 unique drawing.

The absolute first thing that one should comprehend about the Speedmaster is that in 1957 when it was launched, chronographs made up an incredibly, little level of watch deals – for all brands. A chronograph, or a watch with “stop watch” usefulness, whether it be from Omega, Heuer, Rolex, Vacheron, or Patek Philippe, would be a reason fabricated device intended to be utilized by a specialist, a technician, a specialist, or an athlete or something to that affect. The chronograph for the easygoing watch wearer was not an idea that would create until certain years after the fact – truly into the 1970s – and we have investigated how that change occurred with the assistance of the Jack Heuer and the number three cigarette in America here.

This is important for the motivation behind why sports-situated chronographs from any creator – including Omega – are quite a lot more pined for than their easier partners. In addition to the fact that they are more complicated, yet they are likewise undeniably more uncommon, with an objective market much narrower than their basic time-telling siblings. Consider this unique ad for the 1957 Omega Speedmaster seen below.

Original 1957 Omega Speedmaster advertisement.

Here we see two men, one steering what has all the earmarks of being an exhibition vehicle or the like, and the other with his hand on the fresh out of the plastic new “Omega high-exactness wrist computer”  that allows the wearer to decide the vehicle’s speed with “no ascertaining. no paperwork.” How is this done? With the T.P.M. – or Tacho-Productometer scale “etched into the edge of the case.”

It’s exceptionally simple for us all to fail to remember that mechanical watches were neither the style frill that some think of them as today, nor were they a retro throwback nice-to-have for the well-to-do and upwardly portable – they were tools.

This is what we were managing in those days, people. A Tacho-Productometer! That is what Omega initially called its engraved tachymeter bezel. (Unexpectedly, in the event that we can resuscitate that term for the tachy-bezel, I will consider my life a triumph.) It’s extremely simple for us all to fail to remember that mechanical watches were neither the extravagance design object that some think of them as today, nor were they a retro throwback nice-to-have for the well-to-do and upwardly portable – they were instruments. The 1957 Speedmaster, with its engraved tachy bezel, three-register chronograph, and hostile to magnetic, stun verification, triple-fixed case, water safe up to 200 feet, was what Omega thought to be the most solid, most noteworthy accuracy, most useful wrist computer in the world.

The Speedmaster Wasn't The Only Legendary Omega Born In 1957

While the Speedmaster is without a doubt Omega’s most renowned watch to come from the year 1957, we should recall that it was launched as one piece of a whole group of technical watches. Exactly the same year, we would see the presentation of the reference 2913 Omega Seamaster, a new genuine jumper’s watch pointed toward competing with Blancpain’s Fifty Fathoms and the Rolex Submariner, both presented four years sooner in 1953. Further, 1957 saw the introduction of the reference 2914 Railmaster, an exceptionally against magnetic watch pointed squarely at engineers, and combating the Rolex Milgaus, IWC Ingenieur, and even Patek’s 3417. Like the Speedmaster, the first Seamaster and Railmaster references (CK2913 and CK2914, separately) remain surprisingly hard to find in unique condition. The Railmaster, for example, is the pride of Mr. Eric Ku, who showed his initial example in his scene of Talking Watches . While both the Railmaster and the Seamaster stay underway today – the Seamaster 300 resuscitated in its unique structure simply a year ago – the reference CK2915 Speedmaster stays the most pursued and significant of all technical Omegas presented in 1957.

Omega Seamster Reference 2913 (graciousness of Precious Time).

Omega Railmaster Reference 2914 (graciousness of Antiquorum).

Omega Speedmaster Reference 2915 – Circa 1957 Through 1959

Omega Reference 2915-1, around 1957.

As talked about in the above video, the reference 2915 Omega Speedmaster is in reality the begetter of the whole Speedy family, yet I would wonder whether or not to consider it the archetype – I accept that to be the reference 2998. All things considered, the CK2915 is the best and significant of all Omega Speedmasters because of its significance, extraordinariness, and completely extraordinary look. Launch in 1957 with reference 2915-1, the whole reference, including 2915-2 and the temporary 2915-3, would last scarcely three years. Recognizing a 2915 watch is maybe the most straightforward of all Speedmasters, because of some entirely perceptible contrasts from later watches, not the least of which are the expansive arrow hands.

Broad arrow hands are the most effortless way to distinguish a reference 2915.

The other straightforward quality of the 2915 reference Speedmaster is the hardened steel bezel with tachymeter scale – or what Omega originally called the Tacho-Productometer scale. Think about that at that point, a tachymeter scale existed –, best case scenario, – on the external edge of chronograph’s dial. The huge case with outer bezel, Omega accepted, would allow wearers to quicker reference the scale for estimating speed. Rolex’s Daytona – brought into the world a decent six years after the fact in 1963 – was to borrow this idea by putting a tachymeter scale on an outer bezel, as did Heuer with its Autavia. The Heuer Carrera, however, would not get a tacyhmeter scale at all until the mid to late 1960s with its 2447 reference NST and SNT – the “T” indicating tachymeter scale. In any case, these scales were imprinted on the dial, not a bezel. Heuer would compensate for this during the 1970s with the presentation of the rotating tachymeter bezel.

Speedmaster reference 2915-1 and 2915-2 ought to always have a treated steel bezel.

While the hands and bezel are totally the most effectively discernable contrasts between the super early Speedmasters and outright early Speedmasters, the 2915 is really a significantly unique watch when you start to analyze the seemingly insignificant details. The dial, for example, should include an “Omega” with an oval molded “O.” The tail of the “R” in “Speedmaster” ought to likewise be quite long on early watches.

Notice the “O” is oval formed in “Omega” on this early reference 2915-2.

On reference 2915-1 and 2915-2, the case back really may not highlight an Omega hippocampus, rather being absolutely clear generally with “Speedmaster” written on one edge. Having said that, it is for sure workable for there to be a seahorse on the level piece of the back – however “Speedmaster” should always be written on the edge of the back in this occasion. All backs of the 2915-1 and 2915-2 element a solitary slope to the edge.

Reference 2915-1 and 2915-2 should include generally clear case backs, with “Speedmaster” engraved on one edge.

The reference 2915-3 is where things get interesting. This watch was made for just a single year – 1959 – and is the actual meaning of the “temporary” watch. What we mean by this is that pretty much anything goes here. It bears the reference of the most punctual Speedmasters – 2915 – yet that doesn’t mean it may not look much the same as the watch that came straightaway – reference 2998-1; you can discover 2915-3 models with both a brushed metal and a dark bezel with “base 1000” content. So it could resemble a 2998, and yet, it might look just like a 2915-2.

The word “momentary” may well have been concocted for Speedmaster Reference 2915-3. Pretty much anything goes.

I have seen 2915-3’s with steel bezels and expansive arrow hands. I’ve likewise seen them with dark bezels and alpha hands (what you’ll discover on the following watch, reference 2998). I’ve seen 2915-3’s with a steel bezel and alpha hands; I’ve seen them with a dark bezel and wide arrow hands. The thing is, every one of them could in all likelihood be right. In 1959, Omega was wrapping up creation of its first Speedmasters, at the same time ramping up to launch the next Speedmaster, and the 2915-3 was trapped in the middle.

Reference 2915-3 might be a hodgepodge of the first and second genaration watches – like this one with expansive arrow hands yet a dark, base 1000 bezel.

The dial, case, and pushers of the 2915-3 should match that of the 2915 as portrayed, yet you should see a case back that, interestingly, says “Speedmaster” straightforwardly over the Seahorse logo. The back ought to likewise include a twofold angle. However, if you somehow managed to locate a 2915-3 with a prior back, I don’t really accept that anybody would challenge its realness. The 2915-3 is an amazingly complicated watch to validate and esteem in view of this, whereas the 2915-1 and 2915-2 sit all the more plainly in the more elite classes of watch gathering, because of the overall absence of uncertainty in recognizing them and building up that they’re correct.

Omega Speedmaster Reference 2998 – Circa 1959 Through 1963

Omega Speedmaster Reference 2998-1.

As I referenced over, the 2915 is absolutely the soonest of the Speedmaster arrangement, however I would contend the 2998 is conceivably more significant, and even the archetype for what we know today. I say this not regarding esteem – I accept the 2915 ought to in reality warrant a premium over the 2998 because old enough, extraordinariness, and interest – yet the 2998 is when the Speedmaster truly made its mark. We see eight diverse sub-references of the 2998 from 1959 through 1963: – 1 through – 6, at that point – 61, and – 62. The contrast between these eight sub-references can be insignificant, so we’ll do all that can be expected to separate them for you.

Reference 2998-1 highlights a “Base 1000” bezel.

The initial 2998, 2998-1, can be essentially indistinguishable from a portion of the 2915-3’s created in exactly the same year – 1959. We now see, all around, the “base 1000” content on a dark bezel. Gone are the wide arrow hour and moment hands, and in their place are alpha hands. What you actually may find in the 2998-1, however, is the squat, oval-like “O” in Omega, however that is certainly not an unquestionable requirement for the 2998-1. The sub-register hands stay “alpha” formed in the 2998-1. 

In reference 2998-2, we hold the Base 1000 bezel, the alpha hands for the two hours and minutes and sub-registers, however no longer should we see an oval molded “O.” The hands and dial continue as before for  the reference 2998-3, just we lose the “Base 1000” bezel to be supplanted by a “Tachymétre 500” bezel.

Reference 2998-4 is where one may start to see stick sub-register hands.

By 2998-5, we absolutely see stick sub-register hands, a “Base 500” bezel, a roundabout “O” in Omega on the dial. We hold the crown-monitor less even case, and applied Omega image, and the watch remains generally static for reference 2998-6, – 61, and 62 – the last two sub-references demonstrating year of production.



The 2998, with its dark bezel and alpha hands, set up for the Speedmaster that we know today. Additionally, it is with this reference that the association with space starts to come to fruition. Space traveler Wally Schirra made his memorable journey on board the Mercury Atlas 8 mission in October of 1962 wearing a reference 2998.

Astronaut Wally Schirra’s own Omega Speedmaster Reference 2998.

Schirra’s Omega was to be sure the first in space, and it was utilized as the model for “The First Omega In Space” delivered at Basel World in 2012 . It ought to be noticed that this Omega was Schirra’s own watch, not one gave to him by NASA. That would come in the blink of an eye thereafter.

Omega Speedmaster Reference 105.002 – Circa 1962 Through 1964

Omega Speedmaster reference 105.002 is indistinguishable from the 2998-62.

What is clever about the following reference, 105.002, which was produced using 1962 through 1964, is that it is indeed indistinguishable from the 2998-62. Further, one can even discover 2998-62’s that were made after a 105.002, so it is difficult to say that the movement between models is direct. This is the absolute last reference to be brought into the world with alpha hour and moment hands.

Omega Speedmaster Reference 105.003 – Circa 1964 Through 1969

Here we start to see bigger pushers on the Speedmaster for the first time.

Here is where things get much really befuddling. While an Omega has been in space as of now, we aren’t yet at where NASA has flight-qualified anything. However, we do begin to see the watch get somewhat beefier with bigger pushers, and now slim white hour and moment hands that the Speedmaster would hold in perpetuity.

105.003-63 was the primary reference to be brought into the world with glowing filled straight hour and moment hands.

While sub references – 63 and – 64 are quite uncommon, we do see many – 65 105.003-65’s in the wild. They were made completely through the finish of the type 321 period in 1969. Included here is additionally the reference 145.003, which is indistinguishable from the 105.003-65: balanced case, bigger pushers, stick sub register and hour/minute hands. These are the last watches to be measured at 38mm.

Omega Speedmaster Reference 105.012 – Circa 1964 Through 1968

Reference 105.012 was the primary Speedmaster to have an unbalanced case with crown guards.

With reference 105.012 we truly see the Speedmaster begin to advance and take the state of what we know – is as yet made – today. Interestingly we have crown monitors – truth be told we have an altogether new, bigger mid-case. The pushers are wider, and completely ensured by the new case plan. On the dial, we have “Proficient” written below “Omega Speedmaster.” Again, we should recall that Omega created these watches at exactly the same time as different references highlighting even cases and “Pre-Professional” dials. There is no direct change with Speedmasters, and one should recall that when attempting to date an example. With 105.012, we now likewise have a 42mm case.

With reference 105.012 we truly see the Speedmaster begin to develop and take the state of what we know – is as yet made – today.

The 105.012 has its spot in the set of experiences book not just on the grounds that it includes the thicker expert case we know today, yet additionally in light of the fact that it was truth be told the watch that would assume a focal part in space investigation. While it was the 105.003 that NASA utilized in its testing of chronographs, the 105.012 would be utilized to accompany Apollo space travelers on a few early missions.

Neil Armstrong wore a 105.012, Michael Collins wore the later 145.012, and Aldrin may have worn either – we simply don’t have the foggiest idea. What’s more, Aldrin’s watch vanished while in transit to the Smithsonian in 1970, making it one of the incredible lost watches ever .

The case for the reference 105.012 was made by two diverse casemakers. By far most of physically wound Speedmasters came from Huguenin Freres, however for this reference, we see an alternate casemaker once in a while. These watches are called 105.012CB and come from La Centrale Boîtes of Bien. You’ll see sloped lyre carries (some call them twisted level hauls) working on it as you see below.

Reference 105.012 was made by two diverse casemakers – those created by La Centrale Boîtes of Bien highlight wide sloped lugs.

On within the case back you’ll discover the letters “CB” engraved, as seen here . It is quite uncommon to locate an unpolished CB case 105.012 and they are surely wanted by many.

Omega Speedmaster Reference 145.012 – Circa 1967 Through 1969

145.012 was the last Omega Speedmaster to house type 321

The reference 145.012, while the most recent and maybe least important of each of the 321-powered Speedmaster, is indeed what I consider when I think about the expression “Speedmaster.” It was delivered from 1967 through 1968, however on occasion we see a few pieces stream out in 1969. The 145.012 is like the 105.012, yet now we have bigger, taller pushers. While it is the most common 321 Speedmaster, it was additionally worn by a bigger number of Astronauts than some other, and in light of the fact that it is the most recent and generally common, it is the most affordable. All in all, this is presumably the best arrangement in Speedmasters since you get genuine NASA DNA and the renowned 321 type, yet without spending a fortune.

Omega Speedmaster Reference 145.022 – Circa 1969 To 1988

Reference 145.022 is the longest running of all Moonwatch Speedmasters.

Reference 145.022 denoted another significant defining moment for the Speedmaster. No longer would the moonwatch house the amazing segment wheel chronograph type 321. All things being equal, the moonwatch would highlight the more straightforward and more affordable type 861, a cam-controlled chronograph. It is no happenstance that it was around the very time that the Speedmaster acquired global approval as the Moonwatch that Omega chose to attempt to siphon up creation numbers by lowering expenses. We should not likewise fail to remember that this was the specific time span when Switzerland would start to feel the pressing factor of Japanese quartz interestingly. It is not difficult to communicate frustration in Omega’s choice to execute the powerful 321, however they, when all is said and done, were at risk for death.

Because the 145.022 ran for such countless years, there are many sub-references. The first, – 68, can be viewed as a pre-moon watch since it was made in 1968 and however it contains a 861 type, it includes an applied Omega logo on the dial. The case back is additionally indistinguishable from the 145.012, type 321 watch that originated before it. Sub-reference – 69 is the first to highlight a painted logo on the dial while holding the first caseback on early examples. Later example of the 145.022-68 element engraved, straight content “The First Watch Worn On The Moon.”

From 1971 through 1988, reference 145.022 would see a modest bunch of sub-references with ostensible changes to the dial printing. The primary watch to include the emblem case back is in fact the 145.022-71, and it was the last to highlight a flanged dial. To many, it here where the idea of vintage Speedmaster gathering closes and the time of restricted versions begins.

Gathering The Speedmaster

As I expressed in the prologue to this story, our Reference Points pieces are not expected to reveal to you the narratives behind the watches – but instead give a definite comprehension of how to distinguish specific references through the eyes of an authority. We trust the above video and text does that for you, yet I want to accentuate a few focuses for you to drive them home. First of all: with Omega Speedmaster gathering, anything goes. All things considered, you could discover watches with disparities from what I’ve portrayed here, and they could be right. This article is a manual for best practices and by and large thought thinking on how each reference was made – not a definite science. Utilize this story as a guide, however be willing to do your own research to check any watch.

A note about dates – nothing with the Speedmaster is sequential. I once owned a 2915-2 that was created in November of 1957, preceding numerous 2915-1’s. I’ve seen 2915-1’s with case backs that said 2915-2. I’ve seen 2998-1’s with bezels from 2998-4’s that I was sure were brought into the world that way. I’ve seen 145.012’s created in 1969 and 145.022’s delivered in 1968. Once more, nearly anything goes, however this story ought to give you a directing light into what should be.

This issue is by all accounts even compounded when you start to take a gander at the early watches – those with reference 2915 and 2998. The quantity of new parts, even phony parts, is simply momentous, and when taking a gander at an early, high-dollar Speedmaster, be extra watchful. As Eric referenced in the above video, full-spec early Speedmasters are remarkably uncommon, and trump the most un-common Rolexes and Heuers by an impressive total as far as how infrequently we see them. Everything being equal, there are likely only a couple hundred 2915’s out there that stay “full spec” and much fewer that stay not gravely cleaned. However, there were between 40,000 and 80,000 321-powered Omegas delivered in a century ago, so don’t think briefly that a 321 Speedmaster is that uncommon. It is this size of creation that generally harmed the estimation of the Speedmaster, however now it shows up as though the incredible examples are now in assortments and not leaving whenever soon.

A full-spec early Speedmaster – Reference 2998 or 2915 – is amazingly uncommon, and has the right to be truly coveted.

Next – and I say this knowing I will offend of many (sorry about that, genuinely) – even with the huge number of 321 Omegas being created, the distinction in quality, extraordinariness, and long haul estimation of the 321 watches versus the 861’s is impressive, and ought to be significantly more extensive with time. When Omega slaughtered the 321 development and leaped to the 861, the watch lost a major piece of its charm – a genuinely world-class heart. The 321, as you probably know, depends on a Lemania chronograph type dating to 1941 that has been utilized in any semblance of the best chronographs in the world – Patek 3970/5970/5004, endless Vacherons to this day, and now numerous Breguets. Obviously, these very good quality fabricates would spruce up and finish the 321 remarkablely, however it didn’t change the way that inside was as yet unchanged type as found in an Omega Speedmaster. Astonishing gloating rights for the 321 owner, for sure.

The current Speedmaster Professional, sold by Omega for $5,250.

Finally, in spite of the watch-upstart gatherer in me saying what I just said, I really accept that each physically wound Speedmaster with any Lemania chronograph type in it is a staggering watch. The Speedmaster does everything so well, and regardless of the case style, dial type, or creation year, a Speedmaster is a fantastically fulfilling watch to own long haul. What makes the Speedmaster significantly more fun is that is the lone watch that I can think about that is as yet delivered a similar way, with a similar case extents and dial plan, with almost the very type that it was in the last part of the 1960s. Omega actually makes the Professional, and sells it the entire day at a retail cost of $5,250 . That implies you can purchase an incredible Speedmaster today and make it your own – write your name on those papers, and own it and appreciate it each and every day for the remainder of your life, and there is a marvel in that, as well. Also, quite to be perfectly honest, even with the 1861 type rather than the 321, I don’t think there is a superior way to burn through $5,000 on a new watch in the world.

The Quick Reference Guide

*Please allow for certain varieties – Omega Speedmaster gathering is definitely not a precise science.

Unique Thanks

As always, our Reference Points stories are not a particular work but rather a zenith of others’ autonomous investigations and research. On account of the Speedmaster, we would get a kick out of the chance to express gratitude toward Eric Wind and the Christie’s Watch Department for crediting their time as well as a few of the pieces seen above ( to be sold in the Speedmaster 50 topical deal on December 15 in NYC ). We would likewise prefer to thank the late Chuck Maddox, our companions at Omega – both on the PR side and in the exhibition hall, and the refined men behind the astonishing book Moonwatch Only, totally the best manual for Speedmaster on the planet – which might be purchased here .